The Atlantic Forest, which stretches along the coast of Brazil and inland to Paraguay and Argentina, is one of the most vulnerable forests in the world. It once covered a million square kilometres - four times the size of the UK.
Today, only 7% of the original forest remains intact - but it’s still home to an amazing array of species. Itatiaia National Park is the most famous reserve in the Atlantic Forest region, located in Rio de Janeiro, this huge Park protects vast areas of rich Atlantic costal rainforest. The different altitude and habitats make it one of the diverse areas in South America. The vegetation and the fauna chenge completely as you move up the mountain.
This rain forest is very popular among ecoturists and birdwatchers due to the acessibility, comfortable lodge and great wildlife viewing. The highligths of the Park include Spot-billed and Saffron Toucanets, Variegated Antpitta, Mantled Hawk, Surucua Trogon, Blond-crested Woodpecker, Itatiaia Spinetail, Black-billed Scythebill and array of hummingbirds. Besides, Itatiaia is worth a visit just for its spectacular scenic beauty and unique vegetation.